What Are the Types of Watch Movements?

What is the movement of a watch?

And why is it so important?

The movement or caliber is what makes a watch tick.

Described as the heart of a watch, movement refers to the mechanism that drives the hands on a watch face and powers its complications such as calendar, chronograph or a dual time zone.

While most watch purchases are based solely on the exterior, a man who has an eye for detail will appreciate the mechanism on the inside of a watch.

A watchmaker spends a majority of his time meticulously designing the interior of a watch. Those aware of watchmaking intricacies insist that carefully crafted mechanisms define a masterpiece and separate it from a mediocre watch.

There are three types of movement:

  1. Quartz – the movement causes the second hand to move in individual ticks. Powered by a battery.
  2. Mechanical – the movement will cause the second hand to move in a smooth sweeping motion. The watch requires manual winding to operate.
  3. Automatic – kinetic energy from the wearer’s wrist is transferred automatically to drive the mechanism inside the watch.
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